Mac OS equivalent of Start->Run command in Win XP
You should now see a list of all the files in your Documents folder — ls is the command for listing files. To see a list of all the commands available in Terminal, hold down the Escape key and then press y when you see a question asking if you want to see all the possibilities. To see more commands, press Return.
Unix has its own built-in manual. So, to learn more about a command type man [name of command] , where "command" is the name of the command you want find out more about. Firstly, every character matters, including spaces. If you want to re-run a command, tap the up arrow key until you reach it, then press Return. Commands are always executed in the current location.
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Use the cd command, followed by a directory path, like in Step 1 above, to specify the folder where you want a command to run. There is another way to specify a location: go to the Finder, navigate to the file or folder you want and drag it onto the Terminal window, with the cursor at the point where you would have typed the path. Now save it to the TerminalTest folder in your Documents folder.
Now type ls and you should see "TerminalTestFile" listed. That will change the name of the file to "TerminalTestFile2". You can, of course, use any name you like. The mv command means "move" and you can also use it to move files from one directory to another. Terminal can be used for all sorts of different tasks.
How to Get to the Command Line on a Mac
Some of them can be performed in the Finder, but are quicker in Terminal. Here are a few examples. In a Terminal window, type d itto [folder 1] [folder 1] where "folder 1" is the folder that hosts the files and "folder 2" is the folder you want to move them to. To see the files being copied in the Terminal window, type -v after the command. The command used to delete, or remove, files in Terminal is rm.
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So, for example, if you wanted to remove a file in your Documents folder named "oldfile. As it stands, that will delete the file without further intervention from you. If you want to confirm the file to be deleted, use -i as in rm -i oldfile. To delete all the files and sub-folders in a directory named "oldfolder", the command is rm -R oldfolder and to confirm each file should be deleted, rm -iR oldfolder.
And if you need to delete files to save space, use an app like CleanMyMac X to do it.
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Finding the Command Line
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How to use Terminal on Mac: Basic commands and functions
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