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Install linux on mac mini server

Though it would not be required to install the rEFIt's boot loader 0. Only after you've done and you have the items we discussed above, are you ready to embark on wiping out OS X and installing Linux instead.


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Should you decide to continue, you will have no OS X on this Mac Mini computer after the step described in "Preparing the hard drive for Linux". You can avoid completely destroying reformatting your hard drive by using Apple's BootCamp , which, for the reasons mentioned above, I do not recommend, and will not use in this tutorials. How to Install Ubuntu on i Mac Mini This section must begin with a warning for those of you who have any valuable data on your Mac Mini: Let's not forget to make a backup.

I assume you must be interested in installing Linux, i. Ubuntu on your Mack. But you need to decide which installation path to follow. To make a proper decision, one should understand what the choices are. I certainly didn't know that when I first decided I had enough of OS X, and of the smell of commercial deceptions and of hunger for my pocket money.

Due to the lack of awareness what lies ahead, I spent so much time on saving money, that it cost me much more I was prepared to spend. Writing this, is a way of preserving or partially recovering the value the "intangible assets". One thing you can be sure of is that all of it is based on rock solid experience. The rest is up to you, and I will try to help you make all the right steps. It should be comforting to know, that Ubuntu installation on i Mac Mini is the one that applies to virtually all Linux installations on all Macs.

Different Linux distros, may handle certain aspects differently, but all have to deal with the same set of basic requirements also common to all contemporary Apple machines. The Ubuntu installation issues on i Mac Mini represent the smallest common denominator for all of the above Apple platforms and, to a sufficient degree also, for all Linux distros that are Apple ready.

Installing Debian - the simple way

Preparing the hard drive for Linux Due to a widely spread misconception regarding limitations about the possible number of disk partitions on Macs, which supposedly limits Linux on Apple's hardware to just two or, all together, at the most to four partitions under the GPT hard drive partitioning scheme, it is time we clear things out. By no means I wish to say that Linux is also lagging behind, majority of its users are, and this is the reason for many commonly accepted misconceptions and half truths, like the one about how disk partitioning works, and subsequently even a more damaging is the widely spread use of the single-partition for an average Linux installation.

It is true that a more elaborate organization of your disk space is a tad bit more demanding, but as it looks even this is too inconvenient for with the profit seeking ideas infected world these days. Nevertheless, there are quite a few folks from old school around, that prefer working on substance rather than on its packaging, and they may find this information valuable.

Simple or Advanced You will also notice that there are for each installation oath two choices, either: simple or advanced The Simple is for those who do not care about a number of partitions it takes to install a Linux system. If you do not understand what I am talking about simple is your choice, and you may skip a great deal of reading here.

How to Install and Dual Boot Linux and Mac OS

If you wish to learn more, or wish to install Linux in a more traditional and most of all more secure and reliable fashion, your choice most likely but not necessarily will be the advanced option. Those of you who just want to get going fill free to jump ahead on either type of installation listed in Menu of installation types. It is not true that Linux can only be installed in a single partition on Macs Most texts on the Internet tell us about limitations, which in certain cases usually for triple boot options prevent Linux from even having its swap defined as an external partition.

This is not true, we are only limited by the disk-make - hardware platform, namely, SCSI disks, which are deployed with Mac Minis, allow 16 partitions, whereas IDE drives allow over a hundred partitions. Replacing OS X with a singe Ubuntu or with any other distro requires hard disk to be prepared for partitioning with OS X Disk Utility program and the partitioning option set for MBR disk partitioned scheme, which will actually prevent you to install OS X on so prepared and partitioned hard drive. A Single Partition Linux Is a Poor Solution One has to be aware of the fact that the two different disk partitioning schemes, when creating more than four partitions differ!

Namely, in order to create more than four partitions on old BIOS and MBR based systems the partitions above the fourth had to be defined as extended partitions. However, GPT partitioning scheme doesn't allow you to define the extended partition, but does you limit to define any number your disk hardware platform will permit.

This additionally complicates installation procedures by expanding a number of different installation variants, which should be considered in different situations, hence creating a great number of options, which if not specified properly greatly increase a chance your installation will fail. The best way to address these issues is to identify all the possible installation scenarios and write installation instructions for each of them. This, therefore, is the reason for the above "Menu of installation types".

To the above complications, a very popular, though in my opinion inadequate, is the simplest solution namely installing Linux in a single partition, with swap defined as a separate partition. However, as mentioned above even this may become a problem when installing a triple boot system, in which case many suggest to use a swap file within Linux partition itself rather than a partition of its own.

It was this last, for me utterly unacceptable scenario, that prompted me to search for a better and more adequate solution, which at the end shed enough light on the obfuscated area of Linux dual boots on Apple computers, which enabled me to write "yet another HOWLinux-on-Apple".

71 thoughts on “How to install Linux on a Macintosh and dual boot with macOS”

On your first read you may not yet know what is really needed from the above list. However this should be done in a functioning MacOSX. Reading or skimming this document ahead before you actually wipe out your disk is a prudent thing to do. Of course before starting any of the following procedures you should know which installation path you wish to follow. For some installation types this step is unnecessary, because it is intrinsic to OS X installation, following installation path it will be taken care of. For those of you who wish to understand each step, let's look at the issues more closely.

One can change this setting only with Mac's Installation CD. Since this is the disk formatting option, it is part of the disk formatting process. For this flag to take effect it is required that you reformat the hard drive, hence it is not possible to change this flag while you are logged into your OS X as a Mac user. Select the the hard drive in the left hand side panel containing the brand name of your HD , not the partition. On the right five tabs appear. Click Partition tab. See links below. The preparation involves in downloading an open source software called Etcher.

When you try to download the latest Fedora workstation distribution, you will down the Fedora Media Writer instead. This is a useful tool to make bootable USB drive. Once download is completed, we can choose to copy the distribution to an USB drive. The best method to make bootable drive for Manjaro is to use dd command.

We will explore the details of making bootable drive in separate post. Booting from Mac Mini is quite straightforward. When the Mac Mini chimes, press option key Alt key for Windows keyboard. Then, we choose to boot from the USB drive. We did not encounter any problem when we try to boot Ubuntu. However, after multiple switching of Linux distribution, multiple partitioning and reboot; the system could not boot and hangs occasionally.

Please check the list below on other startup shortcut for Mac product:. Mac startup key combinations. In the following section, we will go through the steps in installing Ubuntu on Mac Mini late Please note that we had upgrade the Mac Mini hardware previously. Please follow the previous section on preparing Ubuntu USB drive after you have downloaded the latest version of Ubuntu from the web. The key press must be either earlier or together with the chimes. The system will show a few drives which you can boot from. Ubuntu USB drive always produce 2 bootable drives.

Select either one and the system will bring you to a boot page. Ubuntu should be able to boot up. If you are still not able to boot up, please check the iso image or change USB drive. Once you are in the system, you can select Install Ubuntu to start the installation process. The installation app will appear with the screenshot as shown below:. Select the type of installation.

How to install Linux on a Macintosh and dual boot with macOS — The Ultimate Linux Newbie Guide

We would recommend minimal install if you have very limited disk space, otherwise use the default. For third party driver, we suggest that you select to install third party driver. However, you can choose not to install third party driver as shown below:. We can choose to install Ubuntu along side other OS.

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For fresh installation, select the option Erase disk and install Ubuntu. Click Install Now to proceed with the installation. A dialogue box will appear to inform us how the system is going to partition the drive.

Update your Mac Mini with Linux - Better than BACON!

The root partition will be formatted as ext4. Click Continue. Select the appropriate time zone and click Continue. Next we need to create our default account. Enter userID and password. October 18th, 4. Join Date Oct Beans The first trick is setting nomodeset when you edit grub. Ultimately changing the following line allowed the computer to boot.

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