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Wiles Twenty Oaks Farm. Currently the property has The balance is in mature timber. Cook the macaroni until al dente. Drain, rinse with cold water to stop the cooking process, and set aside. Preheat the oven to degrees. Carefully cut a whole butternut squash in half lengthwise. Drizzle half the squash with olive oil and place it on a rimmed baking sheet, cut side up. Store the other half of the squash in the fridge for another use. When the squash is roasted and tender, scrape out the flesh and mash it with a potato masher.
Sprinkle it with salt and pepper and set it aside. Remove them to a plate and set them aside. To the same skillet you used to cook the onions, melt 4 tablespoons of the butter over medium-low heat. Sprinkle over the flour and whisk it to make a thin paste. Cook it for 2 minutes, then whisk in the milk. Cook it, whisking gently, for a couple of minutes or until slightly thick. Taste and adjust seasonings. Turn the heat to low and stir in the mashed butternut squash. When it is warmed, stir in the cheese.
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Hurry now, all items will sel. Historic Brookline Home! PEEK inside this historic Brookline home. This Fisher Hill home was once park of Brookline's original town center. Check out the exceptional designer pieces, antiques and grand piano! August 27th. Plus which the car windows fog up if the human payload breaths. So, more of the battery capacity has to be expended in order to heat the car. Batteries get tired over time. A battery pack that had a mile range when new may only be capable of miles after a number of years. This will require a power supply capable of delivering kW continuously.
For a volt charging system this equates to amps. The connecting cables will be quite latge. Well, Detroit, about the longest place most people come to for the Cherry F, is some miles away. You drive there, assuming you have a mile range. You charge your car over night where you stay. A motel, perhaps. Now we have a time constraint …and a lot of people hanging around for 20 minutes a fill-up. Yes, it does seem so. Trust me, 31 hours plus of trickle charging your EV battery in Detroit is going to get old fast. And keep in mind that there may be some delays at the charging station.
Not that EVs are totally impractical. But they probably are not going to be as convenient in many situations as hydrocarbon fueled vehicles for a long, long time. It is really likely they will fire up a diesel generator for a few bucks. There is no practical way to rapid charge a car without storing the power in a capacitor bank which is connected to the grid full time.
Or keep a generator in the trunk…. And I think they are probably better suited to cold climates than full EVs. Just scrapped an 18 year old Camry the road salt finally did it in and am currently driving a 13 year old Nissan Sentra. Considered a Prius, but the lack of road clearance, not the EV thing per se troubles me. Lots of unpaved roads in my part of the world. Every time I pass a Tesla, I still snicker with that vision. You clearly missed the mention of great snow traction for EVs like the Tesla.
Why compare 30 year old technology for golf carts with a modern EV? This requires something to replace the battery. The battery does not generate power, it merely stores it. The technology to utilize or control electrical power is well advanced, but generating power on demand has a very tall mountain to climb.
Current tech is approximately 3 miles per kWh, so 10 Kwh per day. Average solar insolation for the majority of the country is 3. Or one could buy and extra battery pack, keep it charged, and swap it out — modular battery packs that can be swapped in a minute with a hand truck will become the standard. A really good question! Calculate if you replace Million passenger vehicles in the States by EVs! But in addition I do not understand the 20 minutes loading time. In Europe you will be happy to get electricity connection with 3 Phase, V and 32 A.
Actually the recharging rate is limited by the internal temperature of the batteries. If the batteries reach the threshold temperature the charging rate is reduced to prevent over heating of the cells. As seen with some of the airline battery packs or the laptop batteries overheating Lithium Ion batteries can lead to bad things happening. Another point in recharging of Lithium Ion batteries is that to charge them to their limit of electrical charge and temperature in a short period then to use them without letting them rest or cool down can cause the life of the battery to shortened dramatically.
I have some of these batteries for power tools and they warn you to let them cool off before use after recharging. A couple of these battery packs have failed already due to high usage and frequent recharges. Waiting to have a battery cool off on a hot day is sometimes impractical to finishing the job at hand. You have an industrial power input capable of far higher power than a domestic socket. You pull into the service station, they remove some number of modules — measure the remaining charge, swap your batteries with full charge — subtract the value of the remaining charge, and off you go.
At least one manufacturer will develop a generic system that will enable the homeowner to swap batteries at home. Another likely progression is the extra battery pack on a trailer. What is left after the hydrogen has been extracted — a heap of carbon? Will the carbon be a big chunk or a powder? Will the filling station take the carbon off your hands, or do you take it home for use in the barbecue? In addition: In Germany we have 60 Million passenger vehicles.
This ends up with 75 Gas powered stations of standard size MW. In Germany there will be no coal powered station nor a nuclear one built again. On solar and wind you cannot rely. You can rely on solar and wind — stop repeating a false mantra. Denmark has powered their entire electricity grid on at least 4 occasions — with only wind. But a relatively small 25 panel solar system will provide at least 20 kWh per day — as the majority of the US has at least 3.
So, without the 50Hz grid to sync to, how did the country run entirely on wind? Surely there must have been a spinning reserve supplying some substantial percentage of power or the whole system would collapse. Sometimes the only thing spinning is the story. Any insights on that? The problem with that is the overhead was positive and the floor was negative to complete the current needed. Just as trolleys ran on grounded rails and got their positive from the overhead line. Roger it comes from nuclear power plants, huge coal powered power plants, or natural gas powered. Electric automobiles are really fossil fuel-electricity-powered with the always present loss in efficiency from the power plant to the road.
That electric motor drives a regular differential through a high ratio reduction gear. I would have put in two smaller motors and ditch the differential. Yes you then need With separate Electric motor drive for each side of the car, the distribution of torque side to side can be much more intelligent that a dumb differential, and make skidding on crummy road shoulders a lot less of a problem.
I would also put the rear brakes inboard to reduce the unsprung weight and improve the handling. And the essayist already said the Tesla induction motors do not use rear earth magnets.
They could put more pole pairs on those motors to reduce the required gear reduction ratio. Fast charging any battery reduces the battery life; and it lowers the efficiency of the charging cycle as losses go as the square of the charging current. That is a permanent efficiency penalty that EVs have to bear. At some point in the supply chain, somebody has to pay for all these little efficiency loss mechanisms. Replacing a five minute gas stop with a twenty minute Quick charge stop is a lot of lost time man-hours. Regenerative braking, is a necessary evil to get by with a smaller battery.
My car is in Neutral if there is a red light in front of me; either traffic control or perhaps a Tesla Model S doing regeneration. The mile limit is a much bigger problem than the writer expresses. It vastly reduces your lifestyle choices. But it will work in the UK because the overwhelming majority of car trips are less than 50 miles. Are we there yet? What range reduction does that cost? Only days months of actual cold winter days in Canada Paul, if that unless you are in Yellowknife. Heat your cabin or batteries for 8 months of the year in Canada?
You probably think they all live in Igloos too. You are biasing your argument, which is very evident to see. Earthling2 You think the begin of October to the end April is 60 to 90 days, go spend a winter in Winnipeg and check beck to me on the, you coast people have not idea what the fly over country is really like. I have lived there and worse Mark Luhman. And Winnipeg is as bad as it gets for a southern latitude major city, anywhere in the world. Colder than Edmonton at nearly 54 degrees lat.
That is 7 months. I will stick with days of fairly low degree days. Google it if you like but saying 7 months is bitterly cold is disingenuous.
Maybe 7 months without leaves on trees…. Well Ok, technically speaking…I mean a southerly latitude in the Northern Hemisphere, which Winnipeg is the coldest city in Canada, and also much of the world, in the NH. I just assumed everyone had heard of Winnipeg, Manitoba, at Living in southern Sask, I can tell you it is not an exaggeration. We often get snow by Oct 1st that stays all winter well into april. The rest of the year we often get warm enough that AC is almost a requirement, in a typical year we will see highs of near 40 C and lows of near C.
I would love an electric car, but our winters can bring IC cars to their knees, where plugging them in is recommended for at least 3 months a year at a minimum. Earthling2, quit lying about what others said in order to support your point. Yeah, taking a 20 min break every hours is a massive inconvenience.
Good grief, what a ridiculous comment. Few people will drive more than miles in one day, you drive for a few hours, charge while you are eating lunch, and then drive again. A kilowatt charger to recharge a Tesla? Do you have the least sense of what would be involved in that puppy? Just like gas service stations spring up to meet demand in new areas of growth, the same thing will happen here. Most older neighborhoods in the US do not have robust enough service to provide perhaps amp service to each residence, plus the cost of the actual EV charger installation. That is for decidedly middle class and upper areas, and lower class apartments, especially mid or higher rise units, would be rather difficult, partly due to security issues on the chargers.
Ignoring cost is a common failing of enthusiasts. This is just the local distribution system, leaving the issue of utility-scale power alone. You bring up the issue of cost of upgrading charging capacity at homes. For many houses an upgrade is not needed, since charging is typically done at night when energy demand is lower. But we are decades away from that, and there will be advances in technology and infrastructure between now and then.
Drop outside temperatures down to degrees F not uncommon in Chicago and that mile range drops to 75 miles. Commute 20 miles to work on a frigid winter morning and 20 miles home in slooow traffic in a snowstorm with lights, wipers, and defroster on hi, and you just might not make it. Hybrids like the Prius are possibly a better choice than pure EV for Northern climates and or applications that involve long trips. Good mileage. Waste heat to warm the cabin. I absolutely agree. All analyses I have seen to date for average mileage runs seldom, if ever, consider drivers who drive just for pleasure and travel.
I am not aware of the percentage of this category of driver in any country! Driving just for personal pleasure. I think this is significant. What about tourists and holiday makers on various types of road-trips? We have different types of cars and trucks now for different applications , EVs are just another option.
We seem to have brainlock about there having to be one answer. I expect once reality sets in we will have a mix of vehicles for many decades yet. Infrastructure development. One family related, pulling a RV trailer the speed was slow but moving. And this evacuation had a known time to be gone from Savannah.
Only in Hollywood. Yeah, I was going to say, MarkG, 0x must be someone who believes Hollywood. Or Vancouver nowadays….. Sorry, I have to disagree, anywhere there is a plug, you can charge. Ev users spend less time fueling, because they charge from home overnight. Maintenance is much less. There is obviously some disadvantages, driving to Florida will take you longer. You assume much about access to power, wherever your vehicle is parked.
Many people have no such access. You do realise that coming, dont you? Where does the electric power to charge the EV batteries come from, is it not generated by fossil fuels or nuclear power-plants? The electric car as personal transportation would be extremely dangerous in Florida and other states where mandatory evacuation at short notice may require a drive of miles or more. Many Eva uated from the Keys and Miami up into Georgia. The queues were long at gas stations even though refueling takes less than 5 minutes and many ICE vehicles have reliable ranges in excess of miles.
The prudent can also have spare fuel that can be used for the generator or for evacuation. The imposition of electric cars will reduce the capability of the less well off to travel especially in natural disasters. Their wide imposition also relies on a non existent power generation and distribution capacity.
They are for virtue signaling townies and system engineering illiterates. I carried 25 gals of gas in the trunk, just in case…. A 25 panel array will provide 20 Kwh per day at least in the majority of the US the low end of average solar insolation is 3. So there is a massive market for EVs before worrying about how to sell to folks who live in apartments,.
Electric vehicles make a great second car. Or would if they were much less costly. In a Canadian winter, that range would be miles or less. Or an Arizona summer. I live in East Texas, about once a year I drive to Phoenix to see family. No way could I do that with any electric car currently on the market, not even a high end Tesla.
Of course you could. Charge during lunch, then drive miles, then make your overnight stop. Repeat on day 2. Some of my extended family own electric vehicles, and that has been their experience. In neither case would they have bought the EV without the tax credits — which only help people with large tax bills, btw. As you might expect, they do not drive their EVs into the mountains when they ski. The average number of vehicles per US household is 2. While there are some with just 1, the vast majority have 2 or more. If it needs to be more kt will be done, possibly as an oltion.
Second battery pack on a small aerodynamic trailer for when you need to go miles. If you need to go longer, pull in and swap out the trailer. How much doe their batteries weigh? How big is the small trailer? Sounds silly to me, I can carry a 5 gallon gas can good for miles a lot cheaper than a trailer load of heavy batteries.
Only for those who live in an area without a good network of DC fast chargers or who have a car that cannot utilize those opportunities. Cannot problems with range and recharge be solved by a small on-board ICE to generate electricity, at a modest increase to price? My Toyota has a small on-board ICE. By using it exclusively, I do not need power batteries, induction motors, inverters, generators, and all the rest. Many people say that my car is really not an EV. Some purists say that my car is not electrical at all. To them, I counter that my car has electrical headlights, running lights, turn signals, radio, windshield wipers, and an electrical computer system.
It is very efficiently powered by a modest ICE which provides all the electricity needed along with all motive power. I can not argue with that idea, but making yourself dependent on a remote coal fired power plant instead seems hardly worth the effort and expense. Why ask a purist about designing an economical, practical car?
I should add that heat from the ICE is very useful for operation in temperate zones where humans seem to prosper. Reminds me of the reason I do not use the Cloud. Presently, hybrid cars are the way to go. Substantially reduced gas consumption, no range problem, no heating or cooling or ambient temperature problems. Just gas and go in 5 min. The Tesla S gets about miles on 90kwh under nice weather conditions. That does not count the electrical transmission losses engineering value I think hybrid design is well into the territory of diminishing returns. They now have a total of , miles and I expect at least another 50, on each.
Those Toyota engineers sure have top notch reliability engineering. Unlike a hybrid, the ICE is not geared to the wheels except at very high speed. I vaguely recall reading is clutched in at speeds something over 70mph. The ICE powers a generator and only starts after some percentage of the initial full charge is depleted. On the original Volt it was about 40 miles varying by temperature, load, etc.
Not sure what the current model runs before the engine kicks in. If Pacifica Hybrid. Or Prius Prime. Or literally over another two dozen models. Space is taken for engine, tranny and gas tank reduce space available for a larger battery. For all intents and purposes, one ICE is as complex and problematic as another.
How is the small ICE problematic? That technology is mature and makes perfect sense for a practical solution. Just because some imagine a problem, it doesnt mean it realy exists. Just as much as an emotional one for some skeptics as well. I am a strong skeptic on climate issues, but know enough from driving EV and Hybrid vehicles that they are here to stay.
Really amazed at some of the better known skeptics here today and their comments, many of whom are engineers no less.
Stunningly, a lack failure of imagination. Still using a metaphorical slide rule for crying out loud. Of course, the young ones are really wet behind the ears, but at least you can tell them what you are building, and how its going to get built. There are realistic solutions to the points you make, main;y range anxiety. And rightfully so. But no need to bash the technology of the modern electric car.
It will only get better with innovation after innovation and is here to stay, long term. Like I always say as an engineer: Give me enough money and time and I can give you whatever you want. First adopters pay a hell of a price. I always wait a few years for things to shake out. For practical solutions to EV problems including costs , give it a few decades.
Until then, you can putt around town in your EV. Thank you for your balanced input. Insulating batteries just means that the amount of energy needed to keep them warm is decreased. It also means that either your car just got bigger or your battery pack just got smaller.
Both of which will also cut into your range and your range will be cut year round, not just in the winter. For someone quick to insult the imagination of others, your imagination suffers from a complete lack of rationality. Some are old enough to remember the first energy crisis. Do you suppose anyone was looking seriously at EVs back in the seventies, when we were gonna run out of oil in the eighties? And they learned that the most practical use for EVs were on a slot track, usually set up in the basement.
Still so. I am only frustrated with some of them occasionally when working on a certain project and there is no moving to understand or embrace some things new. The technology is maturing, and I think here to stay, with some minor modifications to make them work efficiently. The major disadvantage of EVs is they only attract a limited percentage of the population that can afford them, believe that AGW and ACC is a problem that they can solve and find them as a status symbol to show off to their friends or others that are car enthusiasts that see them as practical for their driving requirements.
Limited income people do not live where these EVs are practical for their needs, because the low rent housing they live in is never going to have the means to charge them. When the ICE vehicles have the advatage of putting a few gallons in it close to where they live for their needs. If the government had not subsidised these EVs they would have failed to reach the point they are at now and no one would be even seeing a future in them, if left to the free market. Teslas are not allowed to tow anything. Not a caravan, not even a minitrailer. Too heavy by weight and too fragile by construction.
I suppose they are unstable at any speed while towing. Obviously, anyone owning a boat, ATV, or camping trailer, or has need to make a small move with a trailer will just be out of luck. U-haul will go out of the business of renting trailers and survive by only renting electric trucks? You should always have as many passengers as possible. That way there are many strong backs to help push. Just use a small, very efficient ICE to only generate dedicated current to motors and battery while driving. No complex transmission to drive train to run wheels.
Or to charge battery while at a destination that has no charging infrastructure, although not finding a VAC 15 Amp plug in would be rare these days. Slower charges make for a longer lasting battery anyway, just like a trickle charger does. I find this hand waving about overly complex ICE generators just hand waving. Or downright untruthful. We have mastered making ICE engines very well. BTW, in two or three years Mazda in partnership with Toyota is going to release a hybrid using a tiny rotary engine running at its constant optimum speed to charge or top-up the battery.
IC piston engines are more thermally efficient than conventional rotary IC engines. Rotaries just dissipate too much heat. Norway is the poster boy for EVs, with very high direct and indirect subsidies. What appears to be happening, is that the EVs being sold, are mostly 2nd or 3rd vehicles, and mostly to upper income quintiles. Oil usage in Norway has not declined, as a result of high EV sales. On the contrary, is has slightly increased. Why fossil fuel cars in Norway are so expensive very high taxes , and EVs so popular big subsidies, and lack of similar taxes.
Published figures notwithstanding, I typically manage to fill up in Stavanger for around Even if the means, viewed in isolation, is actually batshit crazy. Even with the tax-avoidance incentives, EV cars here are overpriced for what you get. You also avoid paying road tolls whenever you pass an automatic highway robbery station at every local council boundary which today saves you 20 NOK every time you pass one.
Norway only has 5 million people and is the largest oil producer in northern continental Europe. With nearly a Trillion dollar Sovereign Wealth Fund, funded from oil, they can afford to do a lot of social engineering. And taxed to death on everything else too.
But if they can make the EV work in a northern Nordic climate, then I think it proves that technically, the EV can work. The rest is just engineering details, and resource acquisition. Only for months of the coldest winter months. Technologically the concept of an EV is great for the city, except when you do the math and realise that there is an issue with the supply side of the batteries.
This supply side issue has awakened long dormant sources for the chemicals needed for the battery like Cobalt Ontario to an opportunity, but also brings into question the ability of the infrastructure of the current electrical system to support home charging on a large scale.
Sadly, the cost of a new EV is beyond the ability of most consumers to pay, so they are appealing to the people well above the median income level and there will not be a second hand market that the lower middle class can tap into for an extended period of time. As currently priced, and subsidised by the Ontario government, the EV is mostly for the upper middle class. Even rationally doing the math, a vehicle like the Bolt, if you can find one at a dealer, it still very high for what you get, and that is a disadvantage for most consumers, many of whom seem to want a pickup. In my town we have a fast charger set up in a municipal parking lot, though I have not seen it used yet, as the current crop of EVs is very expensive and we are km from Toronto, where the majority of those able to afford an EV live.
Also, there is currently no EV pickup, which most of the farmers would want. Sure, when the price comes down significantly more, which may require a whole new battery supply…and batteries have always beeb the problem. So if you are prepared to take the chance on it needing a new battery pack they make great second hand buys. It has required no service in 3 years. No oil changes, no brake pads, nothing. Eventually technicians will replace just the defective cells which will significantly extend the life of the pack. Yes, a complete redesign of the battery pack, making it bigger heavier, and twice as expensive so that you maybe extend the life of the battery pack a bit.
Actually, used EVs except Teslas are already some of the cheapest cars for the money on the market today. Dealers often just ship electric trade ins to get wholesaled at auction. Right now, ICE cars are paying for the roads that everyone is using. Taxing road-use electricity? Take a page from farm diesel vs road diesel: Die the electricity red!
Nothing fancy needed. If you have an electric vehicle you simply pay the same road tax per mile as gasoline, based on a state average mileage of course. Here in PA they have annual inspections, including a separate one for emissions. The garage could just hand you a bill for the mileage since the last inspection.
If it needs a huge tax credit or subsidy it is just a way of transferring wealth from the poor to the rich. When power plant costs are included in the costs of electric vehicles and there are no subsidies or tax credits of any kind, and when EVs are taxed for highway construction and maintenance, then you may have a valid argument for EVs.
These were usually high gas tax states. Not anymore, my Toyota has done K miles, no maintenance needed except for oil and spark plug changes. Also, the supposed downside of needing cooling is a great benefit in cold weather. This ignores the heating in winter, cooling in summer, and temperature dependent performance of batteries. It also ignores vehicle capacity. Good for certain people in certain locations at certain times of the day for certain days of the average year. But the enviro-control-left, looking through their perverted rose-colored glasses of nitpicking extremism, then DO demand that the government require ALL people to pay for the elite few in central cities working on government year predictable weeks in predictable government-paid buildings with government-paid rechargers who can use them for certain predictable events.
Heat pumps drop off in efficiency by a huge amount once you get below 50F. Warming and cooling the battery pack takes energy. Lots of it. Most of the people driving an EV would have an indoor heated garage or heated underground parking in their condo etc, and the battery mass when warmed up to room temps would last a long time out in the weather. Upgrading entire neighbourhoods to a higher amperage capability is also doable over time.
The government cars had head-bolt heaters to keep the engines warm in the Winter. However, I had no such luxury for my personal cars. Her car would start reliably down to about F. One of the penalties of the strategy was that when we got back to California, the rocker panels had rusted out on the truck from two winters of freeze-thaw cycles, with no apparent damage to the Ford that stayed outside.
So you install the cabling as 4 wire instead of 3 wire and size the wire accordingly. A lot cheaper to do it when constructing new, than trying to retro fit later. I thought you of all people would understand this simple concept. It just seems that way because the compressors are three times the size they were when we had R12 refrigerant. You know, the stuff that was banned at the height of the FAKE ozone scare.
Learn that for my at the time brother in law years ago, he was working in a truck body shop at the time. Add in in a accident aluminum tears, unlike steel that bends, welding aluminum is and art since you cannot see how hot it is. So I just need to heat my garage to make an EV a workable option? Oh, yea and burning all that propane to keep my EV battery warm is going to produce, guess what, evil CO2. But hey if you think this makes sense go for it. Rob Bradley: Riiiiight. Take a look at the photo of the Tesla S chaise in the OP.
The battery is that big flat area between the wheels. Not going to be easy to wrap with a blanket once the body and interior is added. I used to use an engine heater that was just an electric resistance heater that replaced the dipstick. Worked great and was easy. Maybe I just missed the sarcasm in your reply. If so, sorry. Heated blankets still draw power.
Beyond that insulation takes up space, either your car gets bigger or the battery gets smaller. In both cases your range shrinks year round because of it. EVs work great in Los Angeles. Not so great in Minneapolis. Albert, a bedroom community of Edmonton, Alberta, almost every new house constructed in the last 20 years has an attached garage, most double bay, built right into the house that is heated, or can be.