For an example, see the chart on page 6 information via personal communication. Otherwise, the period might be mistaken as part of the URL. To ensure accuracy, the direct URL should always be tested prior to submission. Website Examples: Website Author s. Title of page. Retrieved from information including direct URL. Cain, A. Investigation of the use of mobile phones while driving. OSHA directorate of training and education. PowerPoint references are very simple, with only four pieces of information. The PowerPoint format description in brackets is used because the format is something out of the ordinary.
Other times this format is used is for blog posts and lecture notes. PowerPoint Examples: Sprott, J. Is global warming for real? PowerPoint Author s. Title of slideshow [Format of document]. Retrieved from information. How to succeed in business [PowerPoint slides].
If an article appears on discontinuous pages, give all page numbers, and separate the numbers with a comma e. C1, C4, C6B9. Newspaper Example: Newspaper Author s. Title of article. Newspaper Title, pp. Janega, J. Growth questions worth asking. The Chicago Tribune. What affects U.
The Daily Record, pp. B2, B4. Selecting Appropriate Research Sources In academic writing, certain types of resources are considered acceptable. All sources mentioned in this guide are sources that are considered to be academic sources. If you have any questions regarding acceptable and unacceptable sources or how different types of sources e.
Additional information about the CSU Library can be found on page 18 of this guide. Formatting When writing any type of formal paper e. All margins top, bottom, and sides should be set at one inch. Microsoft Word allows the user to set the margin at a default of one inch on all sides. All documents following APA guidelines are required to be flush-left style and double-spaced throughout the entire document. Additional spacing should not be used between headings and paragraphs. The preferred font type is Times New Roman. Additionally, APA requires the font size to be 12 point.
All papers typed in APA format require the first line of each paragraph to be indented. This can easily be done by striking TAB on the keyboard. The page header should be found at the top of each page of the APA document. The page header consists of both the running head and the page number. The running head should be flush-left style and onehalf inch from the top margin. The title page should consist of the words Running head followed by a colon and the title of the paper in all capital letters.
All subsequent pages should include only the title in all capital letters see page 20 for an example. The maximum number of characters including spaces after the colon is Only the major words should be used if the title exceeds the standard 50 character limit.
The page number should also be included on the same line as the running head but will be right aligned. Formatting Title Page: The title page of the document can be thought of as the papers first impression. For this reason, it is important to pay attention to the format required by APA. Please consult the course syllabus or professor for specifications about this.
Steps 1. The running head is flush left; the page number is flush right. Both of these should be. In the center of the page should be the title, students name, and name of school. The abstract tells the audience why they should care about the presented topic. It provides the methods that will be utilized in order to get the results. Abstracts if applicable will begin with the word Abstract italics would not be used in the actual document centered and one inch from the top of the page.
The abstract itself should be flush left and should not be indented. The abstract should be an accurate and concise reflection of the documents content. Steps 6. Typically, the abstract should only be one paragraph words in length with no direct quotations and be on a page of its own directly after the title page. Headings are titles of different sections of a formal written assignment. They can be used to add structure, organize ideas, and tell the reader what content to expect. The following headings should be used when required:. Formatting Reference Page: At the end of each APA document, there should be a reference page containing the sources used within the paper.
Every reference cited in text should be listed on the reference page s , and every reference listed on the reference page s should be cited in the text. The exceptions to this are personal communication, classical works, and secondary sources. With secondary sources, only the original source should be cited on the reference page. References are of the utmost importance, as they allow the reader to access the sources cited in text, and they enable the author of the document to give credit where credit is due.
The reference should contain accurate information, as well as proper punctuation and spelling.
Creating a Microsoft Word Header/Footer for the first page only
References will accompany the conclusion of any APA document. All margins should be one inch. The word References should be used as the heading, and it should be centered. Double spacing should be used. With the exception of the first line of each reference, all lines are indented. This is called a hanging indention. To reach a member of the library staff, a student may email thevirtuallibrarian columbiasouthern. Students may navigate to the Online Library through the myCSU student portal or the course menu in each of their courses in Blackboard.
The library resources include: Online databases that contain journal, magazine, and newspaper articles; articles from academic reference works and other scholarly nonfiction; and special reports such as SWOT analyses and market profiles. A collection of over 50, online academic books, the ebrary. Electronic journal subscriptions in specialized fields of study. Links to other online resources such as general reference information, APA instruction, and subject-specific tutoring sites.
The CSU library staff can assist students with: Learning how to search the library databases. Identifying the best resources and search strategy for a specific topic. Locating assigned readings or appropriate research materials for writing assignments, either in the library resources or online via the Internet. Creating accurate APA citations for a students chosen research materials.
The CSU Online Library resources are accessible 24 hours per day and email reference is available 7 days per week at: thevirtuallibrarian columbiasouthern. Sample Essay Click on the sample below to view an example of an APA style essay this view is only the first page :. Sample Research Paper Click on the sample below to view an example of an APA style paper this view is only the first page :. References Aaron, J.
The Little, Brown compact handbook with exercises 2nd custom ed.
Step 1: Font, Spacing, and Margins
American Psychological Association. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed. APA style guide to electronic references 6th ed. APA: The easy way! Flint, MI: Baker College. APA Cargado por macakuwait. Flag for inappropriate content.
Document Formatting - APA 6th edition - Research Guides at NorQuest College
Carrusel Anterior Carrusel Siguiente. Buscar dentro del documento. Flexible Programs. Exceptional Value. Updated 8. Citations in Text A text citation should be used when a phrase, a piece of specific information, an idea, or a hypothesis is drawn from an outside source. Paraphrased information from three to five authors A meal. Once decided. Paraphrased information with no author listed When using data.
Information from a secondary source It can be found in Stemmers work as cited in Pratt, For example: Smith, J. Examples of reference list entries Reference List General Referencing Information What to include Information and Examples When listing the author on the reference list, the last name should be first, followed by the authors first and middle if applicable initials.
Professional credentials should not be used on the reference page i. References beginning with numerals should have the numerals spelled out. Spell out cities and countries outside the United States. Books In a book or journal, magazine, or newspaper article title on the reference list, only capitalize the first word of the title, proper nouns, and the first word after a colon or dash. Periodicals: Journals, magazines, and newspaper articles Duenwald, M.
Do not include on the reference page. Newspaper How to succeed in business [PowerPoint slides]. Paragraph Indention All papers typed in APA format require the first line of each paragraph to be indented. Steps for document formatting Formatting Title Page: The title page of the document can be thought of as the papers first impression. Documentos similares a APA. Muzzammil Ayob. Yousuf Marzook.
Royce Nikko. Tika Virginiya. Mbokazi Sanele San Ele. George Constantinou. Alan Zhou. Reymond Lovendino. Piyush Malviya. Mari Martinez. To do this, you will begin a new line under the abstract; press the tab key on your keyboard once; click the crooked "I," the italics icon, between the "B" and the "U" in the Font section of the Home tab; type the word " Keywords ";click the italics icon again to undo the italics; type a colon; and list any key words from your abstract, separated by commas, on the same line.
The first page of the main body of the paper will begin with the full title of the paper centered at the top of the page. The title will not be in bold, and it will serve as the head of the introduction of the paper. You may include subsequent subheadings that will usually be centered and in bold throughout the paper.
To bold text, you will highlight the text that needs to be in bold, click the Home tab, and click the thick " B " in the Font section. One of the more complicated tasks in writing the paper is doing in-text citations correctly. Here are a few rules to consider as far as this is concerned:. The reference section for you paper will begin on an entirely new page.
It will begin with the word "Reference" no quotation marks , which will be centered at the top. The entries will be in alphabetical order , with a hanging indent. The procedure for doing a hanging indent is as follows:. You are the greatest I am going to put this on my desktop and my home screen. If I could I would share a cookie with you Selah!
Thank you very much!
All that looking that I did to find information about APA format has really paid off! The reference examples need to have the hanging indent though, am I correct? Add Teacher Note. To double-space the paper, you will: Highlight any text that you have typed thus far skip this step if you have not begun yet.
Click the Home tab or the Page Layout tab. In the Paragraph section of either of those tabs, click the tiny arrow in the bottom right corner. A paragraph page will pop up. Click the arrow under "Line Spacing," and Choose "double. Click the Home tab. In the Font section of this tab, click the arrow next to the name of the font you are currently using, and then scroll down to choose Times New Roman or another easily readable font. In the same section, click the arrow next to the size of the font, and choose To add a header to the first page: Begin on the first page, which will be the title page.
Click the Insert tab. In the Header and Footer section, click on "Header," and choose the first option. A special Header and Footer Toolbar will then appear. Click inside of the brackets in the upper left-hand corner, and type the words "Running head" without quotations , followed by a colon and a shortened or full version of the title of your paper up to 50 characters in length. This abbreviated title should be written in all caps. To add a page number to the first page: Be sure that you are in the Header and Footer Toolbar double-click on the running head you just made to return to it if you are not.
Begin with your cursor at the end of the running head you just typed. Click the tab button on your keyboard twice. The number 1 will then appear in the top left corner of your title page. To add a header and page number to the rest of the pages: Go the the second page of your paper. Be sure that you are in the Header and Footer Toolbar. If you have left this toolbar, then there should still be a set of brackets in the upper left-hand corner of the second page with the words "Type Here" between them.
Double click on these brackets, and then you will be back in the Header and Footer Toolbar. Type the header that will be added to the rest of the paper.
It will be the same abbreviated, all-caps title from the title page, except this time, you will not include "Running head:" before it. The number 2 will appear in the top left corner of the page, and the numbering will continue consecutively throughout the paper. On the far right of the Header and Footer Toolbar, there is a button to click so that you can exit the Header and Footer Toolbar and continue writing your paper. There are still a few other components to the title, which include: The full title The author s 's name s The institution the author s are from usually a college or university An optional author note To format the title, name s , and institution name, there are a few easy steps to follow: If it is easiest for you, start typing the text in left alignment the default.
List the full title of your paper, which should be no more than twelve words, should have no abbreviations, and should not include any words that are not completely necessary. On the very next line, list the names of all the authors involved with the writing of the paper. On the third line, list the name of the institution. Place the cursor before the very first letter in this group of text, and press the enter key approximately times the exact placement is up to you.
It is only important that the text remain in the top half of the page. Highlight all of this text. In the Paragraph section of this tab, click the icon which is a picture of lines that represent centered text it will be the second one from the left. This will center the text. Here are a few rules to consider as far as this is concerned: General rules You generally want to include three pieces of information: the author s 's last name s , the date, and the page numbers, if applicable. If the author's name is mentioned in the sentence, their name does not have to also appear in the citation at the end of the sentence the same goes for the date.